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GHESKIO Cholera Treatment Center / MASS Design Group

GHESKIO Cholera Treatment Center / MASS Design Group

Courtesy of MASS Design Group © Iwan Baan © Iwan Baan © Iwan Baan + 17

Port-au-Prince, Haiti
  • Architects: MASS Design Group
  • 彩票大赢家安卓手机软件-【官网首页】 Area of this architecture project Area:  693
  • 彩票大赢家安卓手机软件-【官网首页】 Completion year of this architecture project Year:  2015
  • 彩票大赢家安卓手机软件-【官网首页】 Photographs:  Iwan Baan
  • 彩票大赢家安卓手机软件-【官网首页】 Brands with products used in this architecture project
    Manufacturers: ACRA Industries, Atelier 83 - GHESKIO, Atlantic Door & Windows, Big Ass Solutions, CIP concrete, HAFCO, MFM Peel & Seal, Majic, Phifer, ProGroup, YCF Group
  • Architect Of Record: MASS Design Group
  • Clients: Les Centres GHESKIO
  • Partners: Les Centres GHESKIO, William Penn Foundation, Henry Kimelman Family, Foundation, Barbara and Amos Hostetter, Deutsche Bank Americas Foundation
  • Landscape Architecture: MASS Design Group
  • Mep: Mazzetti
  • Civil Engineering : Fall Creek Engineering
  • Structural : YCF Group s.a.
  • General Contractor : Tecina s.a.
  • Lighting: LAM Partners
  • Design Research: Virginia Tech Center for Design Research
  • Facade System Strategy: Center for Design Research, Virginia Tech School of Architecture + Design, Nathan King of MASS Design Group
  • Facade Optimization : Computational design workflow by Jonathan Grinham of SOAS
  • Facade Construction: Mackenzy Vil
  • Furniture Design : MASS Design Group
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© Iwan Baan
© Iwan Baan

Text description provided by the architects. In the months following the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, cholera—a curable, preventable disease that had not previously existed in Haiti—struck the tent cities of Port-au-Prince and surrounding hillsides. When the disease broke, Port-au-Prince’s only waste-filtration plant remained closed following the earthquake, while access to clean water and waste treatment programs was limited. This gap in public health infrastructure, paired with general overcrowding and unsanitary conditions in public spaces only hastened the disease’s rapid spread. Les Centres GHESKIO, a Haitian healthcare research, treatment, and training organization, was among the first groups to respond to this outbreak of cholera.

Courtesy of MASS Design Group
Courtesy of MASS Design Group
Floor Plan
Floor Plan
Courtesy of MASS Design Group
Courtesy of MASS Design Group

Along with hundreds of healthcare facilities across the country, GHESKIO quickly deployed  cholera treatment tents, intended as a short-term response. The tents were difficult to keep sanitary; they were hot in the Haitian climate, deficient at preventing widespread infection, and incapable of providing the human right to dignified healthcare. Dr. Jean William Pape, co-founder of GHESKIO, asked MASS to help create a permanent cholera center. His request was simple and revolutionary: Could the center treat patients with dignity while addressing Haiti’s systemic infrastructural shortcomings?

© Iwan Baan
© Iwan Baan

To reduce the risk of improper waste management, the Cholera Treatment Center was designed to treat waste on-site. The clerestory roof admits natural daylight and diverts rainwater that is stored in underground cisterns, treated, and then used in showers and sinks. The water is also processed for use in Oral Re-hydration Therapy, the primary treatment used to re-hydrate patients recovering from cholera. The facility decontaminates waste using a leaching field combined with anaerobic baffled reactor technology. The center has the capacity to treat more than 250,000 gallons of sewage a year, helping reduce the area’s water-table contamination.

Courtesy of MASS Design Group
Courtesy of MASS Design Group
Axonometric view 01
Axonometric view 01
© Iwan Baan
© Iwan Baan

The building was designed to accommodate one hundred patients at a time. Large fans, high ceilings, and a perforated facade help to move air through the facility. The eight thousand  apertures were bent by hand, but digitally designed and evaluated to be optimized for daylight, ventilation, and privacy. Because of the need for routine sterilization, all materials were chosen for their durability and infection-resistant properties.

© Iwan Baan
© Iwan Baan

MASS worked with GHESKIO’s vocational training workshops, hiring and training victims of  abuse to fabricate custom furniture for the CTC. These purpose-built chairs and cots replaced the army cots that had been repurposed for use in the emergency tents. The bedding fabric of the CTC furniture can be removed during cleaning, allowing them to be safely re-used. While cholera persists in Haiti today, there has been progress. Due to the temporary nature of and funding for the majority of facilities, GHESKIO’s Cholera Treatment Center is one of the only remaining active facilities, now servicing the majority of the city of Port-au-Prince.

© Iwan Baan
© Iwan Baan

[ Photographer website - http://iwan.com/portfolio/gheskio-cholera-treatment-center-haiti-port-au-prince/ ]

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Project location

Address: Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Location to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address.
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Cite: "GHESKIO Cholera Treatment Center / MASS Design Group" 17 Apr 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed . <http://vjyulim.com/937606/cholera-treatment-center-mass-design-group/> ISSN 0719-8884

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